THE CHINESE CRESTED
The head is wedge shaped when viewed from above. The skull itself is gently arched across the occiput from ear to ear. The stop is slight but distinct. The head is clean and free from wrinkle.
Eyes are dark in darker coloured dogs, but may be a little lighter in lighter coloured dogs, but blue, green, grey or yellow eyes are not acceptable.
Scissors or level in both varieties. Missing teeth in the Powder Puff are to be faulted. The Hairless variety is not to be penalized for absence of full dentition.
Due to the hairless gene, the teeth in the Hairless may be smaller and the tiny "tusks" will extend forward, but the Powder Puff should have a regular canine mouth. These tusk-like teeth in the Hairless may be due to a gene that often is seen with other mostly hairless mammals, such as the wild boar and the elephant. Selective breeding may help lessen the tooth problems of the hairless.
Hairless: The Hairless mouth is different from that of a Powder Puff. The teeth of the Hairless variety differ in shape from those in a normal mouth. The canines are conical and point forward; they are referred to as tusks. This is a characteristic which applies to both good and bad "Hairless" mouths.
The shape of the incisors can vary considerably. Some are no more than little pegs protruding from the gums. Others are almost normal. Sometimes a full complement of narrow "pegs" can look as though they have been thrown in haphazardly. The number of teeth present can also vary. In the worst example, many may be missing, having never been present at all.
Occasionally, milk teeth which showed great promise are not replaced with adult teeth; and where milk teeth have been missing, adult teeth can appear! The teeth that are present can be poorly rooted. For example, incisors may point forward like tusks, but they will certainly fall out at an early age. Pre-molars will be missing from the Hairless variety - one, two, or maybe all of them. Even a good Hairless mouth may be without first and second pre-molars, and this should be accepted as normal. Tusks and missing pre-molars are not mentioned in the Standard, but these characteristics should be acknowledged as typical of the Hairless mouth.
However selective breeders have bred hairless dogs with mouths that do meet the standard with scissor bites but still retain the hairless coat pattern. A successful breeding program to improve dentition will result in a mouth where all the incisors are evenly placed in each jaw. One or two pre-molars may be missing. The forward-pointing tusks will still remain, but the teeth will be of better quality, and they will not fall out in eighteen months time.
An extremely "hairy" Hairless can look almost like a lightly-coated Powder Puff! They have even been referred to as "semi-coats", which makes things even more complicated for a newcomer to the breed. In order to check whether such a dog is genetically Hairless or Powder Puff, simply look in the mouth. If the dog is genetically Hairless it will have forward-pointing tusks; if it is a Powder Puff it will have a normal mouth.
Puff: The Powder Puff carries no Hairless genes, therefore it has a normal canine mouth, and their mouths are not affected by the Hairless gene mutation. At the front there are six incisors top and bottom. The canine teeth are strong and slightly curved. Behind the canine teeth are four pre-molars and two molars, in both upper and lower jaws. This makes forty-two teeth in all, in a tight scissor bite.
The body is rectangular, measured from the withers to the base of tail slightly is longer than the height at the withers. The topline is "table top" level from behind the withers to the set-on of tail without the pin bones showing.
Explanation: The tail may point forward towards the head when on the move. The tip of the tail must never turn down towards the back, or touch the topline. ( Do not confuse the forward falling plume, as part of the loop ) The tail itself must not curl over the back or form a ring (teapot tail).
Acceptable but not desired
Elongated Hare Foot
Desired CC foot
This is a characteristic of the Chinese Crested and is fast disappearing from the breed. To ensure it remains it must be checked. Like many dogs the Chinese Crested hates to have its feet touched, so to examine them without upsetting the dog, just pick it up as you would a horse's foot and bend it backwards. You can soon see the distance from the foot pad to the toe pads from underneath.
- A cat foot will have the foot pad and the toe pad relatively close together. (See above illustration)
- A hare foot will have the toe pads a longer distance from the main foot pad. (See above illustration)
- An elongated hare foot will have even more distance from the main foot pad. (See above illustration)
All colour including parti-coloured, solids,spotted and tri-coloured are permitted. The shades can range from pale to very rich. Don't let colour sway your judgment - judge for conformation first and foremost!
Due to the variable expressivity of the hairless gene, it is almost impossible to eliminate sparse hair in the Crested. Selective breeding can help, but it is a feature we have to live with.
(Editor's note: The coat texture on both varieties is soft, silky and straight of moderate density and length. Thick, heavy, curly or kinky coats are not acceptable. Hair on the face and ears of both varieties may be trimmed for neatness. Additional grooming to be kept at a minimum, and only to present a clean and neat appearance.)
Puff: The coat of the Powder Puff causes confusion. The Standard calls for an undercoat with a soft veil of long hair. It is only in recent years that a Powder Puff coat has been given real coat care, so we are only just seeing the beauty of the mature coat. The length of the coat will vary: if the Hairless in the line have long crests, the coat will be long; if they are sparsely crested, the coat will be thinner and shorter. The coat is made up of long, soft hairs with coarser guard hairs. When the dog is young these hairs are short and look like an undercoat, but by the time the dog is eighteen months old, they grow through to create the so-called veil. In reality, this is not a very good description and it causes much confusion among judges and breeders. On a well-groomed dog the guard hairs will mingle with the main coat and they will only show if they are a darker colour, which gives a very attractive appearance.
Hairless: An extremely hairy Hairless will fit the Standard, which has also led to confusion! There is another coat-type, which is seen occasionally. It is shorter and quite coarse. The ears are also smaller than normal and are erect. These types are probably the result of mixed parentage, way back in the evolution of the breed. It is NOT a Powder Puff though, it is a HAIRY HAIRLESS and will not have a normal mouth, but rather forward-pointing tusks.
Movement is quick and lively without a hackney or mincing gait. Topline remains level.
Height is ideally 28 to 33 cms (11 to 13 inches) in dogs and 23 to 30 cms (9 to 12 inches) in bitches, measured at the withers. However, dogs of either sex that are slightly larger or smaller may be given full consideration.
Weight may vary between 3 to 5.4 kgs (7 to 12 lbs), yet may not exceed the Standard maximum of 5.4 kgs (12 lbs), overall balance being an essential requirement. Powder Puffs may look taller because of their coat, but upon examination, should be the same height as the hairless.
A Deer and a Cobby of the same height will vary considerably in weight. A 33 cms (13 inches) Cobby will meet the ideal height but would certainly be overweight. This should be considered when assessing the types.